Emla is a strong local anesthetic which is available in a cream form and is used to anesthetize the individual parts of the body. This product contains lidocaine and prilocaine - drugs that belong to the group of local anesthetics of the amide type.
Emla is used for surface anesthesia of skin and mucous membranes. Anesthesia of the skin occurs due to the penetration of active ingredients of Emla in deep layers of the epidermis and dermis. The medical effect of Emla depends on the duration of time period of application and a dose of lidocaine and prilocaine. Before the use of the drug, it is necessary to accurately examine the severity of the injury, damage or severity of surgical intervention in order to apply a correct layer of Emla to achieve the optimal analgesia.
If you apply Emla to the skin for 1-2 hours, the duration of anesthesia after removal of occlusive dressings will be about two hours. Perhaps, in some patients duration of anesthesia will be a little less, but this is explained only by the individual sensitivity of the organism and the nerve’s reactions of each person. During clinical studies it was determined that 90% of patients has a good anesthesia during 60 minutes after applying the cream. This is confirmed by the fact that 60 minutes after application of the cream can be held with the procedure of the needle into a depth of 2 mm. If the puncture is carried out after 120 minutes - the procedure of needles puncture are allowed into a depth of 3 mm.
After using Emla the patient may feel mild local reactions: skin irritation, swelling at the area of application of the drug, a slight burning and itching after applying the drug. On the basis of medical practice, these side effects disappear very quickly and are not dangerous. The reason of the side effects is that active ingredients of the drug effect on blood vessels, which in its turn provokes these reactions.
International name - lignocaine and prilocaine.
Emla 5g cream
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